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Basic knowledge of Washington TreatyConvention on International Trade in the Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Concerning the Precautionary Measures of a Severely Harmful Pleasure in British English, UK: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Faunaand Flora)
It is a treaty that regulates international transactions of rare wild animals and plants.
Taking the name of the city in which the treaty was adopted, it is also called the CITES (Cites) taking the Washington Convention (UK: Washington Convention) or the English initialization.
The law number is Treaty No. 25 of 1978.
Wild animals and plants that are threatened with extinction are sometimes called "red data animals" under the name of English, but the species registered in the Annex List of Washington Treaty are classified according to international organizations and country of origin so-called "red It does not necessarily coincide with the species registered in the data book ". This is because the Convention itself is not directly related to the International Conservation Union for Nature Conservation (IUCN) which has created and published the red list, and conservation of the species of living threatened with the survival of the species by international trade as an economic activity to the last This is because the creatures of international trade as economic organisms are selected as creatures that are likely to endanger the species. Therefore, whatever extinction is concerned, organisms that can not be subject to economic international transactions are not subject to this Convention. In addition, international treaties are restricted not only by organisms of animals and plants but also parts of living organisms such as corpses, stuffed furs, furs, bones, fangs, horns, leaves, roots, and their products, which are subject to international treaties.
Annex I to III[Edit]
As there is no penalty provision in the Convention itself, each Member State independently implements legislation for the operation of the Convention. In Japan the law concerning the preservation of species of endangered species of wild animals and plants (species preservation law) corresponds to this.
Regarding violation of conventions, a standing committee has been established under the Conference of the Parties as described below, which commits trade sanctions against countries that have violated the treaty in accordance with various resolutions adopted at the meeting of the Conference of the Parties It has authority to recommend to the national government. When the trade sanctions recommendation measures of the committee are carried out, the vast majority of countries that were deemed to be in violation of the treaty take corrective action in response to the recommendation of the committee and present one solution to the problem of implementation of the environmental treaty It is claimed that it is .
Conference of the Parties[Edit]
According to Article 11, the Conference of the Parties is supposed to be held once every two years, but in reality it has been three years. The 8 th Conference of the Parties to the country in 1992 was held in Japan. The rejection of the Thai bluefin tuna proposal at the 15th Conference of the Parties held in Qatar on 13 to 25 March 2010 was largely reported in Japan .。
|1ST||1976年||Switzerland||9TH||1994年||States of America|
- ^ “pdf Traites internationaux pour lesquels la Suisse assume les fonctions de depositaire: Convention sur le commerce international des especes de faune et de flore sauvages menacees d'extinction” (French). Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. July 20, 2011。
- ^ Rosalind Reeve, Policing International Trade in Endangered Species: The CITES Treaty and Compliance (London: Earthcan, 2002)
- ^ Tomoyuki Satoshi, cooperation / press laboratory (2010年3月31日).
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